PingとTracerouteの違いとは?分かりやすく解説!

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pingとtracerouteの主な違いは、pingはネットワークの接続性と名前解決をテストするために使用され、tracerouteはソースから宛先への実際のパスを見つけるために使用されることです。

コンピュータネットワークは、データやリソースを交換するために接続されたデバイスの集合体です。

デバイスは、有線または無線の通信媒体を介して互いに通信します。


必要なソフトウェア、ハードウェア、プロトコルを使用してネットワークを作成し、確立した後、ネットワークを維持することが重要です

ネットワークで発生した問題は、トラブルシューティングを使用して解決することができ、ネットワークの正常な機能を維持するのに役立ちます。

PingとTracerouteは、ネットワークのトラブルシューティングを行うための2つのユーティリティです。

対応するコマンドは、ping と tracert です。

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Pingとは

Ping は、ネットワーク接続や名前解決などの問題をテストするために使用されるコマンドです。

ネットワーク接続をテストするには、コマンドプロンプトでpingと入力します。

and press enter key. The IP address is the IP address of the destination. This command will send 4 data packets to the destination device. This is called pinging. Then, the destination machine will send data packets to the sending machine. These replies are called echo reply requests. They ensure that there is network connectivity between the sending and the destination devices.

After pining, if the sending device receives a message as “request timed out”, it means that the host is down or there is blocking of the ping requests. If the sending device receives a message as “destination host unreachable”, that means that the messages are coming from the router. It indicates that the route to the destination cannot be found.

Main Difference - Ping vs Traceroute

Furthermore, the ping command can be used to test name resolution. The user can go to command prompt and type, ping . e.g., ping yahoo.com. Getting successful replies indicate that the name resolution by DNS is working fine. The IP address can be used if the domain name does not work. If there are no replies when using the domain name and there are replies when using the IP address, this indicates that there is an issue in the DNS server. Overall, Ping is used to send signals to the destination.

What is Traceroute

Traceroute helps to find the exact path the data packet must take to reach the destination. In the command prompt, the user can type tracert and press enter. Then a data packet goes to the destination. Each time it passes a router, it sends that information about that router to the sending device. This information includes the IP address and the time it took to travel between each hop. This way, the traceroute helps to identify where a problem occurs on the network. Overall, Traceroute helps to trace the path from one location to another, recording every hop along the way.

Relationship Between Ping and Traceroute

  • If there are no successful replies from the ping command, the tracert command can be used to find where the data packet failed along the path.

Difference Between Ping and Traceroute

Definition

Ping is a network utility that is primarily used to test the connectivity between two nodes or devices. Traceroute is a network utility used to track the pathway taken by a packet on a network from source to destination. Thus, this explains the fundamental difference between ping and traceroute.

Usage

Ping is used to test network connectivity and name resolution. Traceroute helps to find the exact path of the data packet to reach the destination. It also helps to recognize whether the fault occurred along the path. This is a major difference between ping and traceroute.

Command

Furthermore, the command of ping is ping . The user can also use ping . Meanwhile, the command for traceroute is tracert .

Conclusion

Ping and Traceroute seem similar, but they have a difference. The difference between ping and traceroute is that the ping is used to test the network connectivity and name resolution while the traceroute is used to find the actual path from the source to the destination.

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